by Paweł Valde-Nowak, Bridget Alex, Bolesław Ginter, Maciej T. Krajcarz, Teresa Madeyska, Barbara Miękina, Krzysztof Sobczyk, Damian Stefański, Piotr Wojtal, Mirosław Zając and Katarzyna Zarzecka-Szubińska
"Ciemna Cave is a key Micoquian site located in Ojców National Park, in the southern part of the Kraków-Częstochowa Upland. The site is known for a distinct group of asymmetrical knives, prądniks, as well as the associated cultural assemblage, the “Prądnik industry” or “Micoquo-Prondnikiens”—both named after the Prądnik stream flowing through the valley. Excavation of Ciemna Cave carried out in the early twentieth century provided a series of stratified archaeological materials. The published sections indicated explicitly diverse sequences and contexts in various parts of the site. In Ogrójec (sector CO), a collapsed part of the cave, two cultural layers were recognized within loess deposit: an upper layer with Prądnik industry implements and a lower layer with Prądnik industry artifacts and mixture of older cultural units, including those with handaxes. A different situation was encountered at the entrance to the cave (sector C), where a much longer stratigraphic section with a few artifactually poor cultural levels was discovered. Current excavations began in 2007 targeted a new area of the cave chamber, with a primary goal of correlating geologic and cultural sequences from the previous excavations. At this stage a complete section has been exposed, which comprises 19 major geological layers and 9 archeological levels. The area has provided new lithics finds and chronological data that have allowed us to make preliminary cultural linkages” (read more/open access).
i dont think my friends understand. when i say my room is messy i dont mean “cute” messy where i have a jacket hanging here and there i mean messy as in fuckin trash island where garbage citizens hold elections over who will become the next trash overlord it’s fuckin gross
Goshozan Suji Kabuto. Circa 1600 The thirty-two plate iron bowl rising at the rear in typical goshozan style, lacquered russet-brown and mounted with a simple three-stage tehen kanamono and six-lame solid shikoro laced in blue with most of the original lacing intact, the mabizashi applied with a crescent-shaped section of gilt leather and mounted with a circular gilt-metal maedate, the rear of the helmet with a gilt-copper “radiant-sun” ushiro-date, probably a later replacement constructed to fit the original mounting post. This style of helmet with its gilt-leather semi-circle on the mabizashi and radiant sun ushirodate is relatively uncommon today but sometimes appeared in helmets from the early-17th century.